雅思作文高分的7大准则


时间:2018/5/17
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       一、长短句准则

  作业还得一张一驰呢,老让读者读长句,累死人!写一个矮小精辟的语句,相反,却能够起到画蛇添足的效果。而且假如咱们把短句放在段首或许段末,也能够提醒主题:

  As a creature, I eat; as a man, I read. Although one action is to meet the primary need of my body and the other is to satisfy the intellectual need of mind, they are in a way quite similar.

  如此可见,长短句结合,波澜起伏,岂不爽哉?紧记!

  强烈主张:在文章榜首段(最初)用一长一短,且先长后短;在文章主体部分,要先用一个短句解说首要意思,然后在阐述几个关键的时分选用先短后长的句群方法,定会让主体部分妙笔生辉!文章结尾一般用一长一短就能够了。

  二、主题句准则

  国有其君,家有其主,文章也要有其主。否则会给人形成“群龙无首”之感!信任各位读过一些褴褛文学,成心把主体躲藏在文章之内,成果形成咱们稀里糊涂!不知所云!所以规劝各位必定要写一个主题句,放在文章的最初(稳妥型)或许结尾,让读者一目了然,必会平安无事!

  特别提示:躲藏主体句可是要冒险的!

  To begin with, you must work hard at your lessons and be fully prepared before the exam(主题句). Without sufficient preparation, you can hardly expect to answer all the questions correctly.

  三、一二三准则

  领导说话总是榜首部分、榜首点、第二点、第三点、第二部分、榜首点… 如此罗嗦。可究竟仍是条理清楚。考官们看文章也必定要经过这些关键性的“标签”来断定你的文章是否结构清楚,条理天然。破解方法很简略,只需把下面任何一组的词汇参加到你的几个关键前就清楚了。

  1)first, second, third, last(不引荐,原因:俗)

  2)firstly, secondly, thirdly, finally(不引荐,原因:俗)

  3)the first, the second, the third, the last(不引荐,原因:俗)

  4)in the first place, in the second place, in the third place, lastly(不引荐,原因:俗)

  5)to begin with, then, furthermore, finally(强烈引荐)

  6)to start with, next, in addition, finally(强烈引荐)

  7)first and foremost, besides, last but not least(强烈引荐)

  8)most important of all, moreover, finally

  9)on the one hand, on the other hand(适用于两点的状况)

  10)for one thing, for another thing(适用于两点的状况)

  主张:不只仅在写作中留意,平常说话的时分也应该条理清楚!

  四、短语优先准则

  写作时,尤其是在考试时,假如运用短语,有两个好处:其一、用短语会使文章添加亮点,假如教师们看到你的文章太简略,看不到一个自己不认识的短语,必定会看你低一等。相反,假如发现亮点—精彩的短语,那么你的文章定会得高分了。其二、关键时刻思想短路,只有凑字数,怎么办?用短语是一个方法!比方:

  I cannot bear it.

  能够用短语表达:I cannot put up with it.

  I want it.

  能够用短语表达:I am looking forward to it.

  这样字数明显添加,表达也更准确。

  五、多实少虚准则

  原因很简略,写文章仍是应该写一些实践的东西,不要空话连篇。这就要求必定要多用实词,少用虚词。我这儿所说的虚词就是指那些比较大的词。比方咱们说一个很好的时分,不应该之说nice这样空泛的词,应该运用一些比方generous, humorous, interesting, smart, gentle, warm-hearted, hospital 之类的形象词。再比方:

  走出房间,general的词是:walk out of the room

  可是小偷走出房间应该说:slip out of the room

  小姐走出房间应该说:sail out of the room

  小孩走出房间应该说:dance out of the room

  老人走出房间应该说:stagger out of the room

  所以多用实词,少用虚词,文章将会大放异彩!

       六、多变句式准则

  1)加法(串联)

  都期望写下很长的语句,像个老外似的,可就是怕写错,怎么办,最稳妥的写长句的方法就是这些,能够在任何语句之间加and, 但最好是前后的语句又先后联系或许并排联系。比方说:

  I enjor music and he is fond of playing guitar.

  假如是二者并排的,咱们能够用一个超级句式:

  Not only the fur coat is soft, but it is also warm.

  其它的短语能够用:

  besides, furthermore, likewise, moreover

  2)转机(借题发挥)

  批判或人缺陷的时分,咱们总习气先借题发挥说说他的长处,然后转入正题,再说缺陷,这种方法尽管阴恶了点,可究竟还比较简单让人接受。所以呢,咱们说话的时分,只需在关键之前先来点废话,留意二者之间用个专这次就够了。

  The car was quite old, yet it was in excellent condition.

  The coat was thin, but it was warm.

  更多的短语:

  despite that, still, however, nevertheless, in spite of, despite, notwithstanding

  3)因果(so, so, so)

  昨日在街上我看到了一个女孩,然后我主动搭讪,然后咱们去咖啡厅,然后咱们认识了,然后咱们成为了朋友…可见,讲故事的时分咱们总要寻求先后顺序,先什么,后什么,所以然后这个词就变得很常见了。其实这个词表示的是先后或因果联系!

  The snow began to fall, so we went home.

  更多短语:

  then, therefore, consequently, accordingly, hence, as a result, for this reason, so that

  4)失衡句(虎头蛇尾,或许头轻脚重)

  有些人脑袋大,身体小,或许有些人脑袋小,身体大,尽管咱们不期望长成这个样子,可假如真的是这样了,也就必定会吸引他人的留意力。文章中假如呈现这样的语句,就更会让考官看到你的语句异乎寻常。其实就是主语从句,表语从句,宾语从句的变形。

  举例:This is what I can do.

  Whether he can go with us or not is not sure.

  相同主语、宾语、表语能够改成如下的杂乱成分:

  When to go, Why he goes away…

  5)附加(多此一举)

  假如有了老婆,总会遇到这样的状况,当你再讲某个人的时分,她会插一句说,我昨日见过他;或许说,就是某某某,假如把老婆的话刺进到咱们的话里边,那就是定语从句和同位语从句或许是刺进语。

  The man whom you met yesterday is a friend of mine.

  I don’t enjoy that book you are reading.

  Mr liu, our oral English teacher, is easy-going.

  其实很简略,同位语--要解说的东西删去后不影响整个语句的构成;定语从句—借用之前的关键词而且用其重新组成一个语句刺进其中,可是whom or that 关键词有必要要紧跟在先行词之前。

  6)排比(翻天覆地句)

  文学作品中最吸引人的当地莫过于此,假如非要让你的文章愈加精彩的话,那么我期望你引证一个个的排比句,一个个得对偶句,一个个的不定式,一个个地词,一个个的短语,如此表达将会使文章有翻天覆地之势!

  Whether your tastes are modern or traditional, sophisticated or simple, there is plenty in London for you.

  Nowadays, energy can be obtained through various sources such as oil, coal, natural gas, solar heat, the wind and ocean tides.

  We have got to study hard, to enlarge our scope of knowledge, to realize our potentials and to pay for our life. (气势恢宏)

  要想写出如此气势恢宏的语句非用排比不行!

  七、应战极限准则

  既然十应战极限,必定是比较难的,可是并非不行攀!

  原理:在学生的文章中,很少发现比方独立主格的语句,其实也很简略,只需花上5分钟的时刻看看就能够体会,它就是分词的一种特别方法,分词要求主语共同,而独立主格则否则。比方:

  The weather being fine, a large number of people went to climb the Western Hills.

  Africa is the second largest continent, its size being about three times that of China.

  假如您可一些出这样的语句,不得高分才怪!




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