雅思阅览长难句的阅览方法


时间:2018/4/20
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       首要,长句的阅览最首要的是捉住语句的骨干。咱们说英文的语句骨干包含了语句自身60%的信息,特别是关于咱们不要求准确了解语句,囫囵吞枣的状况下,骨干的掌握就愈加重要了。由于,在读的进程傍边咱们并不知道这句话是否是咱们所要定位的语句,所以,只需大致了解即可。

  那么,骨干到底会呈现在什么地方呢?一般来讲,英文考究开宗明义,语句的表达也不例外,重要的单词,重要的信息一般放在语句最前面。也就是说,假如语句最初即呈现名词,那么它90%以上就是语句的主语了。

  举例如下:

  The unity that should characterize the strong system is developed by affording opportunity for diversity, which appears to be essential if education is to develop in consideration of the needs of children and youth.

  这句话一最初就呈现the unity 那么它就是语句的主语了,并且后边呈现that这个信号词,那就愈加证明the unity主语的身份,由于只需骨干才享有被润饰的权力。

  还有一种状况,那就是语句一开始或许呈现的是形容词或是其他的润饰的词汇,那么咱们一定要往后找到终究的那个名词,找到了,就是语句的主语。比方:

  Popular illustrated magazines rapidly became an important and significant factor to the literate in Australia, who was forming our national image, as were the singers of ballads and strolling entertainers who were also making a major contribution.

  这句话一开始是由两个形容词最初popular和illustrated,那么后边它们所润饰的名词magazines就是语句的主语了。

  The convergence of these two growing trends--- dropping out and logging in--- exacerbates the serious consequences of a drop in political involvement and a rise in social isolation.

  这句话是由the convergence of these two growing trends 最初,那么这整个名词词组就是主语,中心词汇是convergence。

  主语不难找。当主语找到之后接下来就是谓语动词了。陈述句一般来说谓语动词在主语之后,但是并不是每个主语后边的动词都是谓语,由于一句话主句谓语动词只需一个(除掉并列的谓语动词)。假如主语后边呈现that,where,which,who,when,although等连词衔接的从句,则谓语动词需求越过一个,找第二个。举例如下:

  The unity that should characterize the strong system is developed by affording opportunity for diversity, which appears to be essential if education is to develop in consideration of the needs of children and youth.

  这句话上面提到过,the unity是主语,后边紧接着是that 因此,咱们需求越过一个动词即从句动词characterize,而去找第二个动词is developed,而后者就是主句谓语了。

  第二种状况是假如主语后边呈现逗号,一般需求找第二个逗号,紧随第二个逗号后边的动词一般就是谓语动词了。举例如下:

  The SETI institute, a Californian research foundation, managed to raise $ 16 million to fund Project Phoenix, which is using the Australia Telescope at Parks in New South Wales for its search.

  这句话the SETI institute作为主语,后边呈现逗号,则需求越过两逗号之间的内容,那么紧随其后的managed就是谓语动词了。

  骨干中只需找到主谓就功德圆满,宾语一般都是非常简略找的。

      下面给个更雷的,请大家分析它的主谓宾:

  The fact that programs in these languages, although made up largely of English words and some well-known mathematical symbols, are unintelligible to the lay reader indicates the gulf which still exists between the kind of verbal instructions which can be given to another human, and the coded instructions required by the computer.

  当找到主谓之后,基本上阅览这句长句的首要意图现已到达,剩余的内容那就要看咱们高不高兴看,愿不愿意看,和看不看的懂了。由于,除了主谓,剩余的内容就是润饰,而丰厚的润饰语向来都是长句必备的预备给雅思考生的杀手锏。但是,这些内容需求都看懂吗?当然不需求,乃至,许多时分底子不需求看。这就要看这句话和标题自身的联系了。举个比方:

  1. The unity that should characterize the strong system is developed by affording opportunity for diversity, which appears to be essential if education is to develop in consideration of the needs of children and youth.

  还是上面举过的比方。除了骨干the unity和is developed,剩余的比方用来润饰the unity的that should characterize the strong system,这个从句,我的要求是看你看的懂的词汇,也就是说挑一些简略的单词来读。这就要自动阅览。在这句从句中,能够仅仅读懂strong system就能够了。一般来说,大多数选择的单词都是详细的名词为主。

  那么关于润饰语by affording opportunity for diversity, which appears to be essential if education is to develop in consideration of the needs of children and youth 来说,挑一些最简略的单词来大致读懂言语。比方,opportunity, essential education, needs children and youth.只需把以上的单词大致读懂,那么这句话的内容就非常明晰的展现在各位面前。

  再举一例:

  Popular illustrated magazines rapidly became an important and significant factor to the literate in Australia, who was forming our national image, as were the singers of ballads and strolling entertainers who were also making a major contribution.

  这句话的骨干是magazines became factor.润饰中能够去阅览的是important, Australia, image, singer, contribution.剩余的不需求去阅览,只需当咱们断定题意图定位点就是这句话的时分,才会去仔细的精读每一个单词!




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