雅思阅览分类词语:环境类


时间:2018/4/17
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       conservation 保护,保存 ( conserve)v.s. conversation

  environmentalist = conservationist

  acid 酸 酸的 (<>alkali)acid rain

  carbon 碳 (C) v.s. charcoal (炭)carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide

  fume exhaust fumesv.s. smoke, fog, smog

  petroleum 石油à petrol (BE) = gasoline/gas (AE)à unleaded petrol/gas

  ozone 臭氧 (o + zone)ozone layer

  ooze 渗出 渗出物

  radiation 辐射ultraviolet(UV) radiation~ radioactive

  greenhouse 温室greenhouse effect/gases

  solar 太阳的 (solar energy)^ lunar (lunar calendar)

  phenomenon 现象

  catastrophe = disaster, cataclysm

  deterioration 恶化 ( deteriorate)

  extinction 灭绝 ( extinct)

  species endangered species

  drought 干旱 (^ “找它”)>>> famine v.s. flooding

  recurrent 反复发生的re + (oc)cur + rentv.s. concurrent

  inundate 淹没 ^ “淹掉它”

  embankment 筑堤 (em + bank + ment)

  sediment 沉积(物)= deposit

  delta 三角洲the Pearl River Delta

  alluvial 冲积的

  desertification desert (v.s. dessert)

  dust-storm 沙尘暴^ thunderstorm, brainstorm

  barren 贫瘠的,不育的,无效的

  dune sand dunethe game “DUNE”!

  attributable 归因于be attributable to…

  deforestation 滥砍滥伐(森林)de + forest + ation<> afforestation/reforestation

  log 原木,日志 伐木v.s. logo

  vegetation 植物,植被v.s. vegetable, vegetarian

  habitat 栖息地 habit (Habit is the second nature.)

  ecosystem 生态系统 (eco + system)~ ecology

  viability viable “vi”: life养育能力One tool for assessing the impact of forestry on the ecosystem is population viability analysis.

  demographic 人口统计的 demo(people) + graph(write) + ic

  interdependence inter + dependence

  counterbalance 使平衡,弥补 (=offset)counter(against) + balance

  mechanism 机理,机制

  precipitation 陡降,降水 ( precipice)<> evaporation

  circulation 流通,循环

  tide à tidal wave (海啸)<> ebb earthquake

  typhoon ~ tornado, hurricane

  meteorology 气象(学)

  volcano 火山

  eruption 喷发 ( erupt)volcanic eruption >>> lava

  granite 花岗岩

  imminent = impending v.s. eminent

  Celsius 摄氏的 37OCv.s. centigrade

  Fahrenheit 华氏的

  latitude 纬度(另) longitude, altitude

  tropical (the) tropicstropical/torrid zone, temperate zone, frigid zone

  glacier 冰川

  dump 倾倒,倾销à anti-dumping

  contaminate 弄脏 (à contaminant)

  recycle 回收再利用

  irreversible 不可逆的 (= irrevocable)

  reclaim 开垦,改造 à reclamation

  contentious 有争议的 ( contend)Many environmental issues today are highly contentious.

  opt 选择(+ for) à option

  prioritize 优先考虑 ( prior, priority)




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