雅思阅览:发现信号词的8个要点


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       雅思阅览:发现信号词的8个要素 雅思阅览与考点相关的信号词依据其表达的逻辑联系能够分为八大类,分别为表因果联系,表举比方和阐明,顺接和递进等,信号词确实定是雅思阅览技巧之一,所以下面咱们将一同学习雅思阅览技巧之怎么发现信号词。

  雅思阅览文章中的信号词就好比是高速公路上的标识牌,见到了它们,就能够知道意图地间隔自己的方位还有多远,需求直走,仍是拐弯。考生应依据这些信 号词来判别应该采纳精读.跳读或是扫读等不一样的阅览方法和技巧。本文中,阅览组的专家将会剖析雅思阅览中信号词对考点指示的奇妙效果。

  笔者把剑桥4-8阅览中呈现的与考点相关的信号词依据其所表达的逻辑联系分红八大类,分别是表顺接和递进,表比照和转机,表类似,表摆放次第,表着重效果,表第一流.比较级,表因果联系,表举比方和阐明。

  一、顺接和递进

  例词:also, furthermore, moreover, what is more, in addition…

  考点:And Western scientists are starting to draw on this wisdom… (C6, P28, Q31找标题)

  解析:And在这句话最初,有必定的递进意义,this wisdom则是指代了前面一句话呈现的their wealth of traditional knowledge(因纽特人传统的知识),所以这两句话有严密的联络,同学们在读题的时分要经过发现信号词,然后发散地看它的前后句,最终把考点调查的 意思弥补完好。

  二、比照和转机

  例词:however, but, although, nevertheless, on the other hand, by comparison, while

  考点:But such projects must be built to higher specifications and with more accountability to local people and their environment than in the past. (C7 P24 Q20)

  解题:此题是阶段粗心配对题,在断定H段阶段粗心时,阶段中心but之后呈现的那句话就是解题的要害,依据语句中呈现的两个比较级,能够断定答案应该为X The need to raise standards.

  考点:While suggestopedia has gained some notoriety through success in the teaching of modern languages, few teachers are able to emulate the spectacular results of Lozanove and his associates. (C7 P27 倒数第二段 Q39, 40)

  解析:段首句用while引起留意,咱们能够依据success, 和后半句中的few teachers, spectacular results, 搞定最终两个填空题。

  三、类似

  例词:similarly, in other words, that is, put another way, as …

  考点: Thus, we concluded that the blind interpret abstract shapes as sighted people do.(C4, P28, Q40)

  解析:标题考的是对文章的总结。因而解题时要点看文章中表明定论的语句,thus这个单词给了咱们提示,而语句中的as...do表达的是一个类似的逻辑,因而答案能够断定为B。

  四、摆放次第

  例词:firstly, second, another, the second, the most, the best, next, then, now, later, since, eventually, finally…

  考点:First, it lacked the necessary technical vocabulary. Second, it lacked the grammatical resources required to represent the world i an objective and impersonal way,... (C5, P49, Q30-31)

  解析:标题30-31考的是并排和否定的逻辑联系,原文中的first, second, 对应的就是标题中的neither...nor...这个并排联系,这两题的答案就方便的解决了。

  考点:First mechanism, then mass use of chemical fertiliser and pesticides, then monocultures, then battery rearing of livestock, and now genetic engineering – the onward marching of intensive farming has seemed unstoppable in the last hal- century, as the yields of produce have soared. (C7, P44, Q15)

  解析:段首句连用表明次第的信号词,first, then, then… and now, 表现开展的不同阶段。(the stages of development of farming industry C7 P77 挑选配对)

       五、着重效果

  例词:in fact, in essence, in particular, emphasize…

  考点:This, in essence, is the problem of modern sociobiology- to discover the degree to which hard-wired genetic programming dictates… (C5, P21, Q18 信息包括题)

  解析:信息包括题调查细节是在哪个阶段呈现,在做此类标题时,要留意信号词与考点的亲近相关性,然后敏捷找准答案。这儿呈现了in essence(实质上),起了必定的着重效果,敏捷扫读后,发现同时呈现了标题要害词sociobiology, 破折号后边的介词to表意图,与标题中的the general aim of共同对应。

  六、第一流、比较级

  例词:–est, most, best, more, better, superior, inferior, preferable, exclusively, extremely...

  考点:Making a rapid emotional assessment of the events of the moment is an extremely demanding job for the brain, animal or human. (C5, P44, Q24)

  解析:标题中呈现了第一流the most difficult tasks, 因而在原文中也应该相应的呈现第一流。除了显着的the most, -est, 还有些单词本身也含有第一流的意义,比方extremely, exclusively, superficially, 文中的这个extremely demanding对应的就是标题中的第一流,所以答案也断定。

  七、因果联系

  例词:as, because, since, lead to, as a result, result in, consequently, therefore, thus, the caused of…

  考点:Until recently, not much was known about the topic, and little help was available to teachers to deal with bullying. Perhaps as a consequence, schools would often deny the problem.(C6, P94, Q33)

  解题:标题问的是校园否定问题反响了什么,就是这个现象的根本原因。因而原文中consequence就给解题供给了信息,依据consequence之前的一句话就能够将答案找到。

  八、举比方和阐明

  例词:for example, for instance, that is to say, i.e., such as, including…

  考点:Other substances were then introduced: including fillers, such as woodflour, asbestos or cotton… (C5, P39, Q5 流程图)

  解析:咱们看到such as后边是举比方,such as后边的比方能够作为定位词,woodflour, asbestos, cotton就是fillers的其间一种。Fillers在这儿就是一个概括性的词语,常常是考点。




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