进步雅思阅览速度要先战胜生词问题


时间:2018/3/13
辛达雅思代报名小编

-返回首页 / 返回文章列表 / 进步雅思阅览速度要先战胜生词问题


辛达雅思代报考位,雅思代报名截止前提醒广大考生抓紧时间报名,欢迎前来咨询在线客服。

    一、针对性解说

  针对性解说是作者为了更好的表达思想,在文章中对一些重要的概念、难明的术语或词汇等所作的解说。这些解说供给的信息具有清晰的针对性,运用它们猜词义比较容易,道正以为这一方面是关键所在。

  1.依据界说猜想词义假如生词是语句或阶段所解说的界说,了解语句或阶段自身就是揣度词义。

  例如:

  anthropology is the scientific study of man. 由界说可知,anthropology就是"研讨人类的科学"。

  In slang the term "jam" constitutes a state of being in which a personfinds himself or herself in a difficult situation. 相同,从上下文的界说可知jam一词在俚语中的意思是"窘境"。

  界说句的谓语动词多为:be, mean, deal with, be considered, to be, refer to,be called, be known as, define, represent, signify, constitute等。

  2.依据复述猜想词义

  虽然复述不如界说那样谨慎、具体,可是供给的信息足以使阅读者猜出生词词义。复述部分能够适当词、短语或是从句。

  同位语Semantics, the study of the meaning of words, is necessary if you are tospeak and read intelligently.

  此例逗号中短语意为"对词意义进行研讨的学科"。该短语与前面生词semanties式同位联系,因而咱们不难猜出semanties指"语义学"。

  在复述中构成同位联系的两部分之间多用逗号衔接,有时也运用破折号,冒号,分号,引号,和括号等。

  Capacitance, or the ability to store electric charge, is one of the most common characteristics of electronic circuits.

  由同位语咱们很快猜出生词capacitance词义---电容量。需求留意的是:同位语前还常有or, similarly, that is to say, in other words, namely, or other,say i. e.等副词或短语呈现。

  定语从句Krabacber suffers from SAD, which is short for seasonal affective disorder,a syndrome characterized by severe seasonal mood swings.

  依据生词SAD后边定语从句which is short for seasonal affective disorder和同位语a syndrome characterized by severe seasonal mood swings,咱们能够揣度出SAD意义,即"季节性情绪紊乱症"。

  依据举例猜想词义恰当的举例能够供给猜想生词的重要头绪,例如:

  The consequences of epochal events such as wars and great scientific discoveries are not confined to a small geographical area as they were inthe past.

  句中"战役"和"重大科学发现"是生词的实例,经过它们咱们能够猜出epochal的大致词义"重要的",这与其切当意义"划时代的"非常接近。

       二、内涵逻辑联系

  依据内涵逻辑联系估测词义是指运用语言知识剖析和判别相关信息之间存在的逻辑联系,然后依据逻辑联系揣度生词词义或大致义域,道正以为这一方面是关键所在。

  1.依据比照联系猜想词义

  在一个语句或阶段中,有对两个事物或现象进行比照性的描绘,咱们能够依据生词或难词的反义词猜想其词义。

  例如:

  Andrew is one of the most supercilious men I know. His brother, in contrast,is quite humble and modest.

  该例中supercilious对许多人来说可能是个生词,可是句中短语in contrast,(相对照的,相比照的)能够提示咱们supercilious和后边词组humble and modest(谦卑又谦善)是比照联系。剖析出这种联系后,咱们便能猜出supercilious意为"目中无人的,高傲的"。

  标明比照联系的词汇和短语主要是unlike,not,but,however,despite,in spite of,in contrast和while引导的并列句等。

  A good supervisor can recognize instantly the adept workers from the unskilled ones.

  该句中并未呈现上面提到的标明比照联系的词或短语,可是经过上下文能够判别出语句前后是比照联系,即把娴熟工人与非娴熟工人区分隔。这时咱们也能够揣度出生词adept的词义,"娴熟的"。

  2.依据比较联系猜想词义

  同比照联系相反,比较联系标明意义上的类似联系,例如:

  Green loves to talk,and his brothers are similarly loquacious.该句中副词similarly标明短语loves to talk与生词loquacious之间的比较联系。以此能够揣度出loquacious词义为"健谈的"。

  标明比较联系的词和短语主要是similarly,like,just as,also等。

  3.依据因果联系猜想词义

  在语句或阶段种,若两个事物、现象之间构成因果联系,咱们能够依据这种逻辑联系推知生词词义。

  例如:

  Tom is considered an autocratic administrator because he makes decisions without seeking the opinions of others.

  依据原因状语从句的内容,咱们能够揣度出生词autocratic指"刚愎自用的"。

  There were so many demonstrators in the Red Square that he had to elbow hisway through the crowd.

  此句为成果状语从句,依据从句的描书"许多示威者",咱们便可推知elbow的词意"挤,挤过"。

  4.依据近义词的代替联系猜想词义

  在语句或阶段种,咱们能够运用了解的词语,依据语言环境揣度生词词义。

  例如:

  Although he often had the opportunity, Mr. Tritt was never able to steal money from a customer. This would have endangered his position at the bank,and he did not want to jeopardize his future.

  作者为防止重复运用endanger一词,用其近义词jeopardize来代替它,由此推知其词义为"使。 . .堕入风险,危及、损害"。

  Doctors believe that smoking cigarettes is detrimental to your health. Theyalso regard drinking as harmful.

  句中detrimental四个生词,但判别出harmful代替detrimental后,不难揣度出其词义为"晦气的,有害的"。

      三、外部相关要素

  外部相关要素是指篇章(语句或阶段)以外的其他知识。有时仅靠剖析篇章内涵逻辑联系无法猜出词义。这时,就需求运用日子经验和一般知识断定词义。例如:

  Husband:it's really cold out tonight.Wife: Sure it is. My hands are practically numb.How about lighting the furnace?

  依据日子经验,气候冰冷时,手肯定是"冻僵的,冻得麻木的"。

  The snake slithered through the grass.

  依据有关蛇的日子习性的知识,咱们能够揣度出slither词义为"匍匐"。

  在猜想词义过程中,除了运用上面提到的一些技巧,咱们还能够依托构词方面的知识,从生词自身猜想词义。

  1.依据前缀猜想词义例如:

  He fell into a ditch and lay there, semiconscious, for a few minutes.依据词根conscious(清醒的,有意识的),结合前缀semi(半,部分的,不完全的),咱们便可猜出semiconscious词义"半清醒的,半昏倒的"。

  I'm illiterate about such things.词根literate意为"有文化涵养的,知晓的",前缀il标明否定,因而illiterate指"一无所知,不知道的"。

  2.依据后缀猜想词义例如:

  Insecticide is applied where it is needed.后缀cide标明"杀者,杀灭剂",结合我们了解的词根insect(昆虫),不难猜出insecticide意为"杀虫剂"。

  Then the vapor may change into droplets.后缀let标明"小的",词根drop指"滴,滴状物"。将两个意思结合起来,便可揣度出droplet词义"小滴,微滴"。

  3.依据复合词的各部分猜想词义例如:

  Growing economic problems were highlighted by a slowdown in oil output.Hightlight或许是一个生词,可是剖析该词结构后,就能估测出其意义。它是由high(高的,强的)和light(光线)两部分组成,合在一起就是"以强光照耀,使突出"的意思。

  Bullfight is very popular in Spain.Bull(公牛)和fight(打,奋斗)结合在一起,指一种在西班牙较为盛行的体育运动---斗牛。




☆转载声明: 各位同行和网友们,欢迎转载或引用在本站的文章,敬请标注原文出自辛达托福代报网!

其他文章推荐

雅思写作教导:写作思路

雅思写作范文集锦9

雅思写作范文集锦8

雅思写作范文集锦7

雅思写作范文集锦6

辛达代报名网站编辑部



上一篇:浅谈雅思阅览的四大妨碍及应对战略

下一篇:介绍雅思阅览“简略答复问题”解题办法